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Mattawamkeag Wilderness Park.


The Penobscot River Restoration Project happened incrementally over several years, and involved restoring the river through three major construction projects, changes in energy operations and re-licensing requirements, a variety of permit obligations, outreach to communities within the project area and to the public at large, planning for economic and community development activities related to the river's restoration, and significant private and public fundraising.

Timeline of work:

  • The Lower Penobscot River Settlement Accord, the multi-party agreement laying the framework for the project, was signed on June 25th, 2004
  • Once energy enhancements were approved, PPL Corporation began implementing them, and addressed impacts of energy operations on Penobscot Indian Nation tribal lands.
  • In late 2007 the Penobscot Trust reached a fundraising goal of $25 million needed to purchase the Veazie, Great Works and Howland Dams.
  • Exercised the option (June 20, 2008) to move forward on dam purchases
  • On November 7, 2008 the Penobscot Trust filed for federal and state permits required to purchase the dams.
  • During the federal and state permitting process the public was encouraged to comment on multiple occasions. In addition, the Penobscot Trust held formal public scoping sessions in December of 2007 as part of this process.
  • On December 17, 2010, after receiving necessary federal and state permits, and undergoing all necessary legal due diligence, the Penobscot Trust purchased the Veazie, Howland, and Great Works dams.
  • The Great Works Dam was removed in 2012.
  • The Veazie Dam removal begain in 2013.
  • The Howland bypass was completed in 2016.

The Penobscot River Restoration Project is restoring sea-run fish to the Penobscot River watershed. [View Fact Sheet] Now that the Penobscot Trust holds all necessary permits, and has purchased the dams, we are busy implementing the removals, alterations, mitigation and economic development elements of the project. The preliminary estimate for project implementation, including dam removal and modifications, complying with permit requirements, and engaging in economic development projects, was approximately $30 million. 

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